bee-friendly

Bee-friendly flowers and plants in Vietnam and SEA

Bee-friendly flowers and plants in Vietnam

Food sources for bees and pollinators in South East Asia

 

bee-friendly

A honey bee on coffee tree flowers. Photo by Bees4life

 

Bees4life made a list of bee-friendly flowers in Vietnam. This list can be also applied to many other countries in South East Asia, maybe with little adaptations.

If you are looking for a more general article about bee-friendly flowers in Europe, you can read more on this page: Bee-friendly plants

 

First of all, what does bee-friendly mean in the context of plants?
It means simply that those flowers provide significant amounts of nectar or pollen or both.
You might wonder why not all flowers produce nectar.

Well, this is because a good portion of flowers are wind-pollinated, meaning they don’t produce any kind of reward (=sugary nectar) to transport pollen around.

They might just produce pollen, which is still interesting for bees, but not enough.

Another part of flowers is ornamental flowers that have been bred and modified in a way that is mostly pleasing the human eye, often with little to no functionality for the surrounding environment.

That means they produce little to no nectar and are therefore not a significant food source for pollinators.

Let’s focus instead on the flowers and plants producing large amounts of pollen and/or nectar.

For this purpose, we looked up several resources from biologists and report their findings as follows:

 

First resource: Asian Beekeeping in the 21st Century

Link: Asian Beekeeping in the 21st Century, Chantawannakul, Panuwan, Williams, Geoffrey, Neumann

Plants for bees (Apis species)

Vietnamese name English name Scientific name Harvest season Nectar Pollen Distribution

in Vietnam

Bạc hà dại Wild mint Esholtzia cypriani Pavol. 10-12 +++ ++ Ha Giang only
Bạch đàn trắng Red gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis D. 4 ++ ++ North, Central
Bí đỏ Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo L. 2-5 + ++
North, Central, South
Bầu Green gourd Benincasa cerifera Savi. / Benincasa hispida 2-4 + ++
North, Central, South
Bưởi Pomelo Citrus grandis Oshek. 2-3 + ++
North, Central, South
Cafe Arabica Arabica coffee Coffea arabica L. 11-3 ++ ++
North, Central, South
Cafe Liberica Coffea liberica Coffea excelsea Achev. 9-10 ++ ++ Central, South
Cafe Robusta Robusta coffee Coffea robusta Lindens. 11-2 ++ ++
North, Central, South
Cam Orange Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck. 2-3 + ++
North, Central, South
Cây cao su Rubber Tree Hevea brasiliensis 2-4 +++* +
North, Central, South
Ngũ gia bì Umbrella plant Schefflera octophylla Lour Harms 4-5 +++ + North, Central
Chanh Kiên Rangpur /lemandarin Citrus limonia 1-2 + ++
North, Central, South
Trà Tea Thea sinensis 9-12 + ++
North, Central, South
Chôm chôm Rambutan Nephelium lappaceum 3-5 +++ + South
Xuyến chi Black-jack, beggar-ticks, cobbler’s pegs, Spanish needle bidens pilosa L. all year +++ ++ North, Central
Bớp Bớp Siam Weed, Christmas bush, devil weed, camfhur grass Eupatorium odoratum L. 12-1 ++ +
North, Central, South
Dẻ ăn quả Chinkapin Castanopis boisii Hickel. 11-12 ++ + North, Central
Dưa leo Cucumber Cucumis sativus L. 3, 10 + ++
North, Central, South
Dưa hấu Watermelon Citrullus lanatus Mats. 4-5 ++ ++
North, Central, South
Dừa Coconut Cocos nucifera L. all year +++ +
North, Central, South
Cẩm quỳ Kenaf Hibiscus cannabinus Var. 4-7 ++ + North, South
Điều Cashew Anacardium occidentale L. 11-12 +++* South
Dã quỳ Mexican Sunflower Tithonia diversifolia Gay. 10-11 ++ + Central, South
Keo đen Black wattle, Hickory wattle, forest mangrove Acacia mangium Willd 4-7 +++* +
North, Central, South
Lúa Rice Oryza sativa L. 4, 9 ++
North, Central, South
Bắp Corn Zea mays L. 4-12 +++
North, Central, South
Nhãn Longan Euphoria longan Steud 2-4 +++ + North, Central
Sắn Cassava Manihot esculenta C. 10-11,5-8 +++* +
North, Central, South
Sắn dây Kudzu Pueraria tonkinensis Gagnep. 11-1 ++ +
North, Central, South
Hoa sen Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. 5-8 ++
North, Central, South
Sòi tía/sòi bạc Tallow Tree Sapium discolor Muell. 4-5 +++ + North, Central
Đước đen Black mangrove, river mangrove, khalsi Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco 4-5 ++ + North
Táo tàu Jujube Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. 9-10 + North
Tràm Cajeput tree Melaleuca leucadendron 1-4, 6-8 +++ ++ South
Hoa mắc cỡ shameplant, sleepy plant Mimosa pudica L. 10-11 ++
North, Central, South
Vải Litchi Litchi sp. 2 ++ + North
Vải Litchi Litchi sp. 2-3 +++ + North, Central
Vải Lychee Litchi chinensis Sonn. 3-4 +++ + North, Central
Vẹt Dù oriental mangrove Bruguiera gymnorrhiza 6-7 +++ ++ North
Trâm mốc/Trâm Vối/Vối rừng jamun tree Eugenia jambolana Roxb. 4-5 ++ ++ North
sesame Sesamum indicum L. 5-8 ++ +
North, Central, South

 

 

Second resource: Plant–pollinator interactions in tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia

Link: Plant–pollinator interactions in tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia

 

Vietnamese name English name Scientifc name Distribution Kind of bee
Tếch, giá ty Teak Tree Tectona grandis SEA, Viet Nam
honeybees, small bees
Giáng hương Burma padauk Pterocarpus marocarpus SEA, Viet Nam honeybees
rắc giây, trắc dây Liana type Dalbergia rimosa SEA, Viet Nam honeybees
Willow Leaf Hygrophila salicifolia SEA, Viet Nam Small bee
Lá giang Sour soup creeper Aganonerion polymorphum SEA, Indochina
Honeybee, amegilla, small bee
blackboard tree Alstonia scholaris SEA
Honeybee, wasp
thành ngạch nam Yellow Cow Wood Cratoxylum cochinchinensemor Cratoxylon cochinsinensis Vietnam
Yylocopa, Amegilla
Trai đơn giản Murdania simplex Indochina
Megachili, amegilla
Tầm sét; Bìm ngón tay; Khoai xiêm type of morning glory Ipomoea digitata Vietnam
Megachili, amegilla
Bìm sinh đôi; Bìm đôi merremia gemella Merremia gemella (Burm. f.) Hallier f. Roth, 1821. Vietnam amegilla
Sổ bà elephant apple Dillenia Aurea / hookeri / ovata Vietnam
Honeybees, amegilla
Củ gấu tàu, cói gấu tàu Aporusa macrostachyus SEA
Honeybees, amegilla
Đỏm lỡm; Thổ mật tù. spinous kino tree Bridelia retusa indochina
Small bee, wasp, ant
Cách hoa (Sumatra) hidden flower Cleistanthus sumatranus Vietnam, China Small bee
Bum bup gai Mallotus barbatus Vietnam Small bee
thảo quyết minh,
hạt muồng muồng, Đậu ma
wild senna Cassia tora L. Synonym of Senna tora (L.)Roxb. Seeds available in Vietnam
Amegilla, small bee
Lục lạc ba lá tròn;
Sục sạc sọc; muồng lá tròn
chique chique,
rattleweed
Crotalaria pallida indochina
Megachili, amegilla, small bee
Ba chẽ; Niễng đực;
đậu bạc đầu; ván đất
Triangular Horse Bush Dendrolobium triangulare Vietnam Small bee
Xoay; Xây;
Lá mét (Kiền kiền)
velvet tamarind Dialium cochinchinensis Pierre Vietnam
Honey bee, small bee
Cỏ đậu perennial peanut Arachis pintoi Vietnam
Chàm bụi. wild indigo Indigofera suffruticosa Vietnam Megachile
Trinh nữ xanh nila grass Mimosa invisa Mart. ex Colla Vietnam Small bees
Mắc cỡ, Trinh nữ shameplant Mimosa pudica Vietnam
Trigona small bees
Lim vàng, hoàng linh Peltophorum dasyrrhachis Vietnam
Small bee, amegilla, megachilem xylocopa
Giáng hương; Giáng hương chân;
song lã
Burmese Rosewood,
Angsana
Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kurz Vietnam
Honey bee, xylocopa, small bee
ụ mật; Gõ mật; Gõ đen;
Gõ xẻ; Gõ bung lao
Sindora siamensis Vietnam Amegilla
Dây kim luông; Huyết rồng hoa nhỏ Butea parviflora Spatholobus parviflorus (Roxb. ex DC.) Kuntze Vietnam
Small bee, amegilla, megachilem xylocopa, wasp
Củ rối bằng Bandicoot berry Leea aequata L. Vietnam Small bee
Tra làm chiếu tree hibiscus Hibiscus tiliaceus Vietnam megachili
bái lương, (cây) ké hoa dào,
ké dầu ngựa
Caesarweed Urena lobata Vietnam Small bee
Ruri (Thua Thien-Hue),
Tram lac thai.
rose apple Syzygium bracteolatum Vietnam
Megachili, small bee
Dương đầu leo Parrot Olax Olax psittacorum Vietnam
Megachili, small bee
Gạt nai; Săng vé; Săng ớt mốc;
Tra seng
Xanthophyllum glaucum Vietnam
Megachili small bee
Táo nhám, táo rừng zunna berry Ziziphus rugosa Vietnam, China, Thailand Small bee
Ruột gà cánh broadleaf buttonweed Borreria latifolia Vietnam, Thailand Small bee
Găng trâu, còn gọi là găng tu hú mountain pomegranate Catunaregam spinosa Vietnam, Talaysia, Indonesia
Honey bees, megachili
Roundleaf Kadamb Mitragyna rotundifolia (Roxb.) O. Kuntze Vietnam china
Megachili, amegilla, small bee
tufted grass Rothmannia wittii (Craib) Bremek. Vietnam xylocopa
Meyna pubescens Bangladesh; Myanmar; Vietnam
Honey bee, small bee
Nhãn dê; Xích tài; Nhãn rừng;
Kén kén
Lepisanthes rubiginosa Vietnam Small bee
Om geoffray Limnophila geoffrayi Bonati Vietnam Small bee
hâu kén lá hẹp; Ổ kén;
Tổ kén đực
Helicteres angustifolia Vietnam Small bee
Lâm nhung lông Wooly Congea,
Shower Orchid
Congea tomentosa Roxb. Vietnam, China
Megachili, small bee
Giam; Cò ke trái có lông; Cò ke lá sếu Grewia eriocarpa Juss Vietnam
Megachile , Chalicodoma , Nomia ,
Ceratina , Apis dorsata , Apis
cerana , Amegilla , Apis fl orea ,
Scarabaeidae, Chrysomelidae,
Tabanidae, Calliphoridae,
Sphecidae, Gasteruptidae,
Syrphidae, Evanidae,
Scarabaeidae, Cleridae. Xylocopa
Bung lai; Mé; Gie la; Cò ke; Chua ke shiral Microcos paniculata L. Vietnam Small bee
Mật sâm; Trứng cá Calabura, Panama berry Muntingia calabura L. Vietnam Honey bee
Găng tía, Găng tu hú, Tu hú đông Asiatic bushbeech-berry Gmelina asiatica L. – India, Sri Lanka,
Vietnam, SEA
amegilla
Mắt cáo; Chân chim ba lá chaste tree Vitex tripinnata Vietnam Small bee
Bồng nga truật nam; Lưỡi cọp; Củ ngải. Fingerroot,
Chinese ginger
Boesenbergia rotunda Vietnam Small bee
Nghệ hoa nhỏ Theap Rum Ruk Curcuma parviflora Wall. Vietnam Small bee
Globba, còn gọi chi Gừng vũ nữ Dancing girl ginger, Globba lily Globba schomburgkii Vietnam Amegilla

 

Other bee-friendly flowers in Vietnam:

Vietnamese name English name Scientifc name
Cây cứt lợn, cỏ hôi Billygoat weed Ageratum conyzoides
Xuyến chi Black-jack Bidens pilosa
Bồ công anh Dandelion Taraxacum officinale
Bạc hà dại Elsholtzia Elsholtzia cypriani
Ngũ sắc, Trâm ổi Lantana Lantana camara
Hoa mua Melastoma
Melastoma malabathricum
Sen cạn Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus
Mắc cỡ, Trinh nữ Shameplant Mimosa pudica
Cây cộng sản, cỏ Lào Siam weed Chromolaena odorata
Dã quỳ Tithonia Tithonia diversifolia
Đông hầu vàng West Indian holly Turnera subulata

 

We hope this article is useful for you and that you can soon start to plant bee-friendly flowers in Vietnam.

If you want to save this information for later, feel free to use and download the list of Bee-friendly flowers in Vietnam as Google Spreadsheet in both English and Vietnamese here.

Happy gardening!